Allergen detection and analysis in Eastern Taiwan area
Chia-Jung Chen1, Yu-Hsien Liu2, Teng-Yi Lin2, Rong-Hwa Jan3
1 Department of Nursing, Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Chiayi, Taiwan
2 Department of Laboratory Medicine, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan
3 Institute of Medical Science, Tzu Chi University; Department of Pediatrics, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan
Department of Pediatrics, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, 707, Section 3, Chung-Yang Road, Hualien
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Objective: Environmental factors, eating habits, and different ages might affect the profiles of allergy sensitization. The purpose of this study was to survey the different profiles of allergen sensitization in different ages in eastern Taiwan. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the allergic patients who had allergen sensitization examinations by the Phadiatop (atopy screen; IBT Laboratories, Lenexa, KS, USA) and the Pharmacia CAP System method at Haulien Tzu Chi Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015. Results were compared in different ages. Results: A total of 15,455 patients were analyzed. The food and aeroallergen screen sensitization rate of children was significantly higher than that of adults (44.0% vs. 9.9% and 61.9% vs. 52.2% P < 0.05). Children had statistically significantly higher cow milk allergen-specific sensitization rate than that of adults (32.9% vs. 5.8% P < 0.05). The higher sensitization of shrimp occurred in adults than children. (33.6% vs. 24.8% P < 0.05). Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that children have higher cow milk allergy sensitization and adults have higher sensitization of shrimp.