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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 135-145

Role of diet and lifestyle modification in the management of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes


Department of Pharmacology, GITAM Institute of Pharmacy, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Orsu Prabhakar
Department of Pharmacology, GITAM Institute of Pharmacy, Visakhapatnam - 530 045, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_86_20

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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered as the hepatic evidence of insulin resistance which is the hallmark of type 2 diabetes. NAFLD is considered as the risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes and has a high frequency of occurrence in those with existing type 2 diabetes. Compared with patients with only NAFLD or type 2 diabetes, these patients show a poor metabolic profile and increase mortality. Hence, effective treatment strategies are necessary. Here, we review the role of diet and lifestyle modification in the management of NAFLD and type 2 diabetes. Based on the available studies, it has been shown that the addition of any kind of physical activity or exercise is beneficial for patients with both NAFLD and type 2 diabetes. Proper dietary management leads to weight loss are also effective in improving metabolic parameters in patients with both NAFLD and type 2 diabetes. In conclusion, it is clear that increasing physical activity or exercise is effective in improving metabolic parameters in patients who are suffering with both NAFLD and type 2 diabetes.


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