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CASE REPORT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 116-118

Management of acquired bronchopleural fistula due to chemical pneumonia


1 Department of Radiology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Anatomy, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Reddy Ravikanth
Department of Radiology, St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_98_17

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Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a sinus tract between the bronchus and the pleural space that may result from a necrotizing pneumonia/empyema (anaerobic, pyogenic, tuberculous, or fungal), lung neoplasms, and blunt and penetrating lung injuries or may occur as a complication of procedures such as lung biopsy, chest tube drainage, thoracocentesis, or radiation therapy. The diagnosis and management of BPF remain a major therapeutic challenge for clinicians, and the lesion is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Here, we present a 70-year-old male with acquired BPF due to chemical pneumonitis caused by aspiration of kerosene who presented with the symptoms of fever, cough with expectoration, breathlessness and signs of tachycardia, tachypnea, diminished breath sounds, and crepitations. After a 3-week course of culture-sensitive antibiotics with β-lactam and β-lactamase inhibitors, open drainage of the empyema was done following which the patient showed symptomatic improvement and was discharged.


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