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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Prevalence and correlates of antenatal depression among women registered at antenatal clinic in North India


1 Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Hospitals, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Kavita Aggarwal,
Department of Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated Hospitals, B.69, Duggal Colony, Khanpur, New Delhi - 110 062
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_97_19

Objective: Women pass through many stages throughout her lifetime. Among these phases, pregnancy is crucial phase. If women are not able to cope with this stress, it may lead to adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Early detection of possible depression in pregnant women may lead to decrease in incidence of depression and adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Materials and Methods: The present study was done in an urban primary health center of east Delhi where antenatal and postnatal services are provided. Two hundred pregnant women who attended antenatal clinic for their antenatal checkup were included in the study. Edinburgh postnatal depression scale was used to diagnose possible depression. The presence of a statistically significant difference between possibility of depression in terms of various socioeconomic, obstetric, gender issues, life events, previous psychiatric history and family relationships was ascertained using Chi-square/Fisher's exact test. Logistic regression was carried out to determine important confounding variables. Results: The mean age of participants was 25.32 ± 3.86 years. Of total 200 women, 42 (21%) women were found to be suffering from possible depression. The possibility of depression was found to be significantly higher in literate participants (P = 0.001) and in women who were married after 18 years of age (P = 0.016). Participants who wanted the present pregnancy and whose spouses were alcoholic were found to be associated significantly (P = 0.00). On applying logistic regression, age and abortion history was found to be significant. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the prevalence of antenatal depression is high in developing countries, and universal screening of depression during antenatal and postnatal period is feasible along with other antenatal and postnatal services provided to them.


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    -  Dahiya N
    -  Aggarwal K
    -  Kumar R
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